The team of ZMAI within the framework of the project for monitoring the possible misuse of state resources, supported by NDI, and financed by the National Foundation for Democracy (NED) presented the findings of the first short report part of the project “The use of state resources during the electoral processes” “. The analysis of employment, consultancy services and other contractual services is based on publicly available data on completed budget transactions from for the period from 2010 to 2023 and on data on the number of regular employees from the Ministry of Information Society and Administration (MIOA) for the period from 2015 to 2023.

From the analysis of regular employment, it can be seen that:

“The effect of election cycles on regular employment is manifested with a lag of one year after parliamentary elections.”

However, in addition to political processes, employment in the public sector is affected by other movements such as emigration, the transition of the workforce to the private sector, health and economic crises, etc. In 2023, a significant reduction in the number of employees is observed and its return to the level of 2015 and 2017.

“At the central level, consultancy and temporary employment as a percentage of wages and benefits have opposite trends depending on the political party in power.”

An interesting trend can be seen in consulting services and temporary employment, namely, in them there is a change in relation to which political party becomes the ruling party. While one structure preferred consulting contracts, another hired more employees through temporary employment. Of particular interest is the movement of other contractual services with a focus on deed contracts during periods of change in governing sets.

“Other contractual services, more precisely contracts for work, are determined by the parliamentary elections in 2016.”

Other contractual services, with a focus on contracts in action, saw the largest increase during the change of central government in 2016. After a certain period, the level of this type of service decreases drastically, and we see an increase again when a new government is formed. A possible reason is the need for quick engagement of contractual services for certain segments (SPO, Council for Public Procurement, etc.), after which such services become part of regular operations and are procured through appropriate budget items. This is expected if we take into account that this budget line is subject to the widest interpretation, so new governments can use it to quickly hire the necessary personnel to implement certain reforms, before they are properly distributed in the next state budgets that will be created. the new Government.

The Association for Research and Analysis ZMAI within the framework of the project for Monitoring the Possible Abuse of State Resources, supported by NDI, and funded by the National Endowment for Democracy, during the next week will publish in full the initial overview of the analysis of employment in the public sector . A detailed briefing with journalists is also planned in order to better bring publicly available data to journalists. In the period ahead, the formation of a new government cabinet and changes in the executive power are expected.

We welcome the statements of the new parliamentary majority that go in the direction of further increasing transparency and accountability in the financial operations of the institutions.

The full analysis can be found at the following link